Peter Bults of KAPshop generously sent me a message when he saw the 3D printed KAP/BAP rigs I started to introduce this week. He was quite confident that my KAP'n Hooks that attach the Picavet to the flying line would not survive the line tension produced by a hard pulling kite. I hadn't thought much about the forces produced by the kite line, but I immediately started to.
These forces don't have much leverage on the hook, so the forces have to be very strong to deform it. But kites can pull very strongly.
I did a crude test to see how much line tension the KAP'n Hooks could withstand. I attached some 200 pound braided Dacron kite line to a hand winch and strung everything between two trees. I wrapped the line around a KAP'n Hook and cranked down on the line. I didn't have any way to measure the line pull, but it was not hard to break hooks printed in PLA (polylactic acid). They just snapped. Hooks printed in ABS bent a little before they broke.
In the poor quality video below (I needed 600 frames per second), the orange and purple hooks are PLA, and the black hook is ABS.
So Peter was right, a tight line applies substantial force to anything it is wrapped around. These 3D printed hooks would work fine on balloon flights or slack line kite flights, but if the wind picks up, they would not be very reliable. I will have to find an alternative to use with the 3D printed Picavet. Thanks, Peter, for probably averting some disasters.
Can anyone suggest a design or product that could function as a line hook and cost less than a dollar?